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Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) is an Indian multinational conglomerate founded by Dhirubhai Ambani in 1966. Originally focused on textiles, the company has since diversified into other areas such as petrochemicals, retail, and telecommunications.
Over the years, RIL has grown to become one of India's largest and most diversified companies. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, the company expanded significantly into the petrochemicals industry, and later into the retail and telecommunications sectors. In the recent years, RIL has also entered into the digital business with the launch of Jio, which has disrupted the Indian telecom market.
Currently, RIL is the second-largest company in India by market capitalization, and it is among the top 250 global companies in terms of revenue. The company reported a revenue of INR 1,766,824 crore (about $237 billion) and a net profit of INR 43,755 crore (about $5.9 billion) in the financial year ending March 2021.
The major growth drivers for the future for RIL are expected to be its retail and digital businesses, as well as its petrochemicals and refining segments. The company has also been investing in renewable energy and is planning to expand its operations in this sector.
In terms of product mix by revenue, RIL's refining and petrochemicals segments are the largest contributors. The refining segment, which includes the company's oil refineries, accounted for about 40% of the company's revenue in the financial year ending March 2021. The petrochemicals segment, which includes the production of petrochemical products such as polymers and chemicals, accounted for about 31% of the company's revenue during the same period. The retail and digital services segments, which includes the company's Reliance Retail and Jio Platforms businesses, accounted for about 16% of the company's revenue. The Oil and Gas exploration and production business accounted for the remaining 13% of the revenue.
In terms of profit, the refining and petrochemicals segments are also the major contributors. The refining segment accounted for about 45% of the company's net profit in the financial year ending March 2021, while the petrochemicals segment accounted for about 35% of the net profit during the same period. The retail and digital services segment accounted for about 10% of the net profit, and the Oil and Gas exploration and production segment accounted for the remaining 10%.
RIL has been investing heavily in its retail and digital services businesses in recent years, with the company's Reliance Retail arm becoming one of the largest retailers in India. The company's Jio Platforms subsidiary, which includes Jio, India's largest telecommunications company, has also been a major growth driver. RIL's retail segment is expected to drive growth in future as the company is planning to expand its retail operations, both in India and abroad. Jio Platforms is also expected to continue to drive growth, as the company is planning to expand its digital services offerings beyond telecommunications.
Additionally, RIL is also investing heavily in renewable energy, with plans to develop solar and wind power projects, and plans to expand its operations in this sector.
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