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Trading and Investment Terms


Ichimoku Kinko Hyo

A technical charting technique which generates a series of lines and levels that help an investor determine the movement of an asset. It indicates support and resistance levels, as well as entry and exit points. Although relatively complicated to lea ...

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Implied Volatility

The expected volatility in the price of a security. ...

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Impulse Wave

A pattern observed in the stock market as part of the Elliot Wave Principle (a theory that suggests the cyclic nature of market movements can be predicted based on an understanding of investor psychology). Waves or surges of movement seem to occur in ...

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In The Money and (ITM) Out Of The Money (OTM)

In the money (ITM) is a expression that alludes to an option that has intrinsic value. In the money, hence signifies that an option has value at a strike price that is favorable when compared to the existing market price of a stock:


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In-App Purchasing

In-app purchasing can be defined as the process of purchasing of goods and services within an application on a smartphone, tablet or a Personal Computer.


In-app purchases enable developers to publish their apps for free.


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An index is a method to track the performance of some groups of assets in a standardized way.
An index measures the price performance of a basket of securities using a standardized metric and methodology.
Indexes are also created to me ...

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Index Option

An index option can be defined as a financial derivative that provides the option contract holder the right, but not the obligation, to purchase or sell the value of an underlying index, for example, the Nifty 50, at the expressed exercise price o ...

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Indicators represent a statistical approach to technical analysis. With the help of indicators, investors and traders can get the secondary measure to actual price movement. Indicators are helpful to confirm the accuracy of chart patterns by looking ...

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Stock market index is a measure of the relative value of a group of stocks in numerical terms. Some stocks which are listed on the exchange are selected and grouped together to form an index. When the stocks within an index change their value, index ...

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Individual Retirement Account

An Individual Retirement Account (IRA) offers valuable tax benefits for retirement savers.
An individual retirement account (IRA) is a type of tax-deferred or tax-free retirement savings account that many financial institutions offer.

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Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution was a time of significant industrialization and advancement that occurred during the late 1700s and early 1800s. The Industrial Revolution started in Great Britain and immediately spread all through the world.

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Inflation refers to the rise in the prices of most goods and services of daily or common use, such as food, clothing, housing, etc.

Inflation refers to the rise in the prices of most goods and services of daily or common use, such as&nbs ...

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Initial Public Offering (IPO)

An initial public offering (IPO) alludes to the process of offering portions of a private enterprise to the general public buy issuing stocks.


Issuance of public share enables a company to raise capital from public investors ...

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Insider Trading

Insider trading can be defined as the purchasing or selling of a publicly traded organization's equity by an individual who has access to material information about that equity, that has not been in the public domain yet.


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Interest Rate

The interest rate is typically noted on an annual basis known as the annual percentage rate (APR).
An interest rate is the percentage of principal charged by the lender for the use of its money. 
The principal is the amount of mon ...

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Interest Rate Risk

Interest rate risk is the probability of a decline in the value of an asset resulting from unexpected fluctuations in interest rates.

Interest rate risk is defined as the risk of change in the value of an asset as a result of volatility in ...

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Intrinsic Value

The intrinsic value of an asset shows the worth of that asset.


This value is < ...

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Inverse ETF

An inverse ETF can be defined as an exchange traded fund (ETF) developed by utilizing different derivatives to profit from a decline in the value of an underlying benchmark.


Putting resources into inverse exchange traded fun ...

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Inverted Hammer

A candlestick chart pattern that occurs when a security had been declining in previous sessions, and then temporarily trades high throughout the day's session, but by the end of the day the market realized it could not support that level of trading a ...

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Investment Advisor

An investment advisor is also known as a stockbroker.
Investment advisers manage money. 

They select financial assets like:
Mutual funds
and then buy, sell, and monitor them within your accou ...

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Investment Company

This is related to investment trusts, closed-end funds, or closed-ended, only exist to invest.

An investment company is also known as a "fund company" or "fund sponsor." 

They often partner with third-party ...

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Investment Grade Bond

An investment-grade bond is a bond classification used to denote bonds that carry a relatively low credit risk compared to other bonds


There are three major credit rating agencies (Standard & Poor’s, Moody’s, ...

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Investment Objective

An investment objective is also defined as how a mutual fund invests its portfolio. 

For example

About mutual funds, the stated investment objective indicates a particular fund’s investment goals, based on the wording in ...

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Investment Securities

Investment securities can be defined as securities (tradable financial assets, for example, stocks or fixed income instruments) that are bought so as to be owned for investment.


This is as opposed to securities, which are bo ...

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Investor is a person who allocates capital with the expectation of financial returns in the future. Investors utilize their investment to grow their money. A wide range of investment avenues exists in the market including equity, debt securities, com ...

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Irregular Flat

A type of Elliott wave correction that has a 3-3-5 wave pattern, where the B wave terminates beyond the start of wave A. A ?flat? is in progress, implying that a lager pattern is developing. It will contain waves of one higher degree than the A-B-C w ...

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Island Reversal

A very rare Japanese candlestick top or bottom reversal signal. It is comprised of a doji star that gaps away (including shadows) from the prior and following sessions' candlesticks. This is the same as a "abandoned baby" at top or bottom in which th ...

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