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Trading and Investment Terms

P

Par Value

Par Value is the nominal or face value of a bond, share of stock, or coupon as indicated on a bond or stock certificate. 

The certificate is issued by the lender and given to a borrower or by a corporate issuer and given to an investo ...

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PayPal

PayPal is an e-commerce organization that manages payments between two people or two companies via online money transfers. PayPal enables its clients to establish an account on its application, which is linked to a customer's credit card or ba ...

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piercing pattern

A Japanese candlestick bottom reversal signal. In a downtrend, a long black candlestick is followed by a gap lower open during the next session. This session finishes as a strong white candlestick that closes more than halfway into the prior black ca ...

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Pink Sheets

Pink sheets can be described as a listing administration for securities that exchange by means of over-the-counter (OTC).

 

Pink sheet listings are organizations that are not listed on a significant exchange like the National ...

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Piotroski Score

What Is the Piotroski Score?

The Piotroski score is a discrete score between 0-9 that reflects nine criteria used to determine the strength of a firm's financial position. The Piotroski score is used to determine the best value stock ...

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Portfolio Holdings

Portfolio holdings may cover a variety of investment products, including:

  • Stocks 
  • Bonds
  • Mutual funds to options 
  • Futures and exchange-traded funds
  • Relatively esoteric instruments suc ...

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Portfolio Managers

Portfolio managers are professionals who manage investment portfolios, intending to achieve their clients’ investment objectives. 

 

Portfolio managers spend a lot of their days researching current events and financ ...

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Preferred Stock

The expression "stock" alludes to possession or equity in a company.

 

There are two kinds of stocks - preferred stock and common stock.

 

Preferred stock investors have a higher case to profits ...

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Pre-IPO Placement

A pre-Initial Public Offering (IPO) placement can be defined as a private sale shares in large quantities before the shares are listed on a stock market exchange.

 

The purchasers are generally private, hedge funds, and other ...

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Premium

Premium is an amount paid periodically to the insurer by the insured for covering his risk.

Premium is also the price of a bond above its issuance price. 

 

The most common types of coverage are 

Auto ...

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Price To Book Ratio (P/B Ratio)

Organizations utilize the price to book ratio (P/B ratio) to contrast a company's market cap with its book value.

 

It's determined by dividing the organization's stock price per equity share by its book value per ...

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Price to Earnings Ratio – P/E

We use the price to earnings or the p/e ratio in order to estimate the value of a company. Price to earnings ratio is calculated by dividing Market Price of a stock by its earnings per share or EPS.

 

P/E proportions are utili ...

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Primary price

Capital market is divided into two types � Primary Market Primary market is also known as primary capital market or new issue market. In primary investors buy securities directly from the company which is issuing the security. When company sell n ...

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Profit

The term Profit is used to describe the fiscal advantage earned when income generated from a business activity surpasses the expenses, costs, and taxes engaged in supporting the activity in question.

 

Any profits earned pipe ...

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Prospectus

The prospectus is an offer document or information brochure issued by a public company used for inviting offers from the general public for subscribing to the shares.

 

A prospectus is a legal document that is required by the ...

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Public Offering Price

The public offering price is what you have to pay in certain situations to invest in. 

The term is most often used in two contexts.

  1.  POP is an important term in the mutual fund industry
  2. some investors ref ...

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Put Option

A put option can be defined as a contract that provides the option holder the right, but not the obligation, to sell, or sell short, a predefined amount of an underlying stock at a predetermined price within a predetermined period of time.

...

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