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Trading and Investment Terms

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Back Testing

Optimizing a moving average or trading strategy on historical data. This is an important skill to acquire for traders.

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Balance Sheet

A balance sheet is a financial report that shows a company's assets, liabilities and investors' equity at a specific particular in time, and gives a premise for calculating rates of return and assessing its capital structure. It is a fisca ...

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Base Metals

Base metals are major industrial non-ferrous metals, notably copper, lead, tin, zinc, aluminium, nickel.

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Basis Trading

It is an arbitrage position made up of short position in futures contract and long in underlying using the cash proceeds. ...

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Bear Market

A bear market is the point at which a market encounters prolonged price falls. It depicts a condition wherein prices of stocks fall 20% or more from ongoing highs in the midst pessimism and negative sentiment from trader.

 

Be ...

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Bear Raid

It is a form of fraud. An attempt to depress a market to cover a short position by the dissemination of negative rumours or widespread short- selling.

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Bear Trap

A false move to the downside that does not start a new downtrend. It is the final reaction prior to an advance, hence trapping the bears.

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bearish belt-hold

A bearish belt-hold is a tall black candlestick that opens on, or near, its high and closes well below the opening price. It is also called a black opening shaven head. The bullish counterpart of this pattern in bullish belt hold. ...

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bearish engulfing pattern

A bearish engulfing candlestick pattern occurs when selling pressure overwhelms buying force as reflected by a long black real body engulfing a prior small white real body in an uptrend. The bullish counterpart of this pattern in bullish engulfing ...

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Beta

A measure of the market/nondiversifiable risk associated with any given security in the market. A ratio of an individual?s stock historical returns to the historical returns of the stock market. ...

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Big Mac Index

An index devised by 'The Economist' magazine to illustrate the notion of purchasing power parity. The Big Mac Index compares the price of McDonald's Big Mac burgers in various countries as a guide to whether currencies are overvalued o ...

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Binary Option

Also called an all-or-nothing option, digital option or one-touch option. An option that pays out a fixed amount if the underlying financial instrument on which it is based reaches the strike price either at expiry, or at any time during the life ...

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black opening shaven head

A black opening shaven head is a tall black candlestick that opens on, or near, its high and closes well below the opening price. It is also called a bearish belt-hold.

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Blockchain

The term blockchain has been around for almost over a decade now. Whenever terms like Bitcoin, Ether, Ripple etc. are used, a term that is often used with them is Blockchain. This because most of the cryptocurrencies are built on this technology. ...

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Blockchain as a Service (BaaS)

Blockchain as a Service (BaaS) can be defined as the third party creation as well as management of cloud based systems for organizations in the business of making blockchain software.

 

These third party services are a relativ ...

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Blue Chip

A blue chip can be defined as a nation wide recognized, well-established, and financially solid organization.

 

Blue chips by and large sell high quality, broadly accepted goods and services.

 

Blue chip o ...

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Bollinger bands

Bollinger bands are lines plotted one (or 2, 2.5 ...) standard deviation above and below the moving average of closing prices. A narrowing of the bands often indicate the start of a new trend, which is confirmed when prices close out of the band. Bol ...

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Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE)

The Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) is the first and biggest stock market exchange in India and was started in the year 1875 as the Native Share and Stock Brokers' Association.

 

Situated in Mumbai, India, the Bombay Stock Exc ...

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Breadth / Breadth Ratio

A measurement calculated by comparing the number of advancing stocks to the number of declining stocks. Computed by dividing the number of advances by the numbers of declines over a given time period. Also known as ADR (Advance Decline Ratio). Inv ...

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Breakaway Gap

Usually, a high-volume move out of a consolidation pattern without trading at the pervious period?s levels. ...

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Breakdown

A price drop below a significant support level or out of a consolidation pattern.

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Breakout

An upward move exceeding a previously recorded high, resistance level, or through a bullish trendline or some other criteria, often on high volume.

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Breakout traders

Breakout traders generally look for key levels of support and resistance and will place orders when thestock price passes through these levels. Long positions are taken when the price of stock breaks through a level of resistance, and short positi ...

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Brexit

Brexit is an contraction for "British exit," referring to the United Kingdom's choice in a June 23, 2016 referendum to exit the European Union (EU).

 

The poll's outcome defied expectations and troubled marke ...

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Broadening Top

A reversal pattern marked by a succession of at least three generally higher highs alternating with successively lower lows. Occurs after a notable price rise. The pattern is completed by a third breakdown, normally to a significantly lower low. S ...

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Bull Market

A bull market is the state of a financial markets in which the prices either experience a rise or are expected to experience a rise.

 

The expression "b ...

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Bull Trap

Occurs when in a bear market prices suddenly rise, luring in bulls taking long positions before resuming the downtrend.

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Bullish belt-hold

A bullish belt-hold is a tall white candlestick that opens on, or near, its low and closes well above it's opening price. It is also called a white opening shaven bottom. The bearish counterpart of this pattern in bearish belt hold.

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Bullish engulfing pattern

A bullish engulfing candlestick pattern is comprised of a large white real body that engulfs the prior small black real body in a downtrend. The bearish counterpart of this pattern in bearish engulfing pattern.

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Buy and Sell Agreement

A buy and sell agreement can be defined as a legitimately binding agreement that stipulates how a partner's share in the company might be reassigned if that partner dies or in any case leaves the business.

 

Most of the ti ...

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Buying Climax

Investors Intelligence defines a buying climax as when within one week, a new 52 week high is made followed by the stock falling and closing below the previous week's close. This can be an important reversal signal for the stock. Also the tota ...

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