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130-30 Strategy

This strategy is often used to improve returns on portfolio. It uses financial leverage by shorting poor performing stocks and purchasing shares that are expected to have high returns. A 130-30 ratio implies shorting stocks up to 30% of the portfolio ...

52-Week Range

Technical analysts compare a stock's current trading price to its 52-week range to get a broad sense of how the stock is doing, as well as how much the stock's price has fluctuated. If the stock price moves above its 52-week high, it is usually consi ...

90/10 Strategy

For conservative investors, an investing strategy that involves deploying 90% of one's investment capital in interest-bearing instruments that have a lower degree of risk, and the balance 10% in high-risk investments. The 10% investment in high-risk ...

Abandoned Baby

This is one of the very rare candlestick patterns for top or bottom reversal signal. It is same as Western island top or bottom in which the island session is also a doji. It is comprised of a doji star that gaps away (also the shadows) from the prio ...

ABC

Elliott Wave corrective wave for a three-wave countertrend price movement. Wave A is the first price wave against the trend of the market. Wave B is a corrective wave to wave A. Wave C is the final price move to complete the countertrend price move. ...

Accumulation

The process where excess supply of a stock is absorbed by increasing demand from buyers. It is considered that the smart money buys the stocks during this phase. Public interest in the security is low during this phase. Prices usually rise afterward ...

Advance Block

In Japanese candlestick charting a variation of the three white soldiers in which the last two soldiers (i.e. candles with white real bodies) display weakening upside momentum. This weakness could be in the form of tall upper shadows or progressively ...

ADX

Some technicians find ADX to be one of the most powerful and reliable technical indicators. The indicator gives a basic buy signal when +DI (green) cross above ?DI (red), and the reverse for a sell. The signal is that much more potent if the ADX line ...

Algorithmic trading

Algorithmic trading is a term which refers to the use of various technical indicators and advanced mathematics to make decisions about the timing, price and quantity of a market order. Trades are made without human intervention using information rece ...

Alpha

A coefficient which measures risk-adjusted performance, factoring in the stock specific risk, rather than the market risk. A high value for alpha implies that the stock or mutual fund has performed better than would have been expected given its beta ...

Andrew's Pitchfork

This technical indicator uses three parallel trendlines to identify possible levels of support and resistance. The trendlines are created by placing three points at the end of identified trends. This is usually achieved by placing the points in three ...

Aroon Indicator

Arron indicator in based on the assumption that a stock's price will close at record highs in an uptrend, and record lows in a downtrend. It is made up of two lines: one line is called "Aroon up", which measures the strength of the uptrend, and the o ...

Ascending Triangle

Patterns traders look for this chart formation produced by a series of lows, each successively higher than the last, and a series of highs that are at approximately the same level. It is considered a bullish formation when volume increases on the a ...

ATR

The true range indicator is the greatest of the following: -current high less the current low. -the absolute value of the current high less the previous close. -the absolute value of the current low less the previous close. The average true rang ...

Authorized Share Capital

The maximum value of the shares (calculated at par value) that can be issued under a firm's articles of association. It can be increased only with shareholders' approval after modifying articles of approval. Most companies' authorised capital exceeds ...

AVERAGE DIRECTIONAL INDEX (ADX)

ADX is non-directional and it only quantifies the strength of the trend regardless of whether it is up or down. ADX is usually plotted in a chart window along with two lines known as the DMI (Directional Movement Indicators). ADX is derived from the ...

Back Testing

Optimizing a moving average or trading strategy on historical data. This is an important skill to acquire for traders. ...

Base Metals

Base metals are major industrial non-ferrous metals, notably copper, lead, tin, zinc, aluminium, nickel. ...

Basis Trading

It is an arbitrage position made up of short position in futures contract and long in underlying using the cash proceeds. ...

Bear Raid

It is a form of fraud. An attempt to depress a market to cover a short position by the dissemination of negative rumours or widespread short- selling. ...

Bear Trap

A false move to the downside that does not start a new downtrend. It is the final reaction prior to an advance, hence trapping the bears. ...

bearish belt-hold

A bearish belt-hold is a tall black candlestick that opens on, or near, its high and closes well below the opening price. It is also called a black opening shaven head. The bullish counterpart of this pattern in bullish belt hold. ...

bearish engulfing pattern

A bearish engulfing candlestick pattern occurs when selling pressure overwhelms buying force as reflected by a long black real body engulfing a prior small white real body in an uptrend. The bullish counterpart of this pattern in bullish engulfing pa ...

Beta

A measure of the market/nondiversifiable risk associated with any given security in the market. A ratio of an individual?s stock historical returns to the historical returns of the stock market. ...

Big Mac Index

An index devised by 'The Economist' magazine to illustrate the notion of purchasing power parity. The Big Mac Index compares the price of McDonald's Big Mac burgers in various countries as a guide to whether currencies are overvalued or undervalued. ...

Binary Option

Also called an all-or-nothing option, digital option or one-touch option. An option that pays out a fixed amount if the underlying financial instrument on which it is based reaches the strike price either at expiry, or at any time during the life of ...

black opening shaven head

A black opening shaven head is a tall black candlestick that opens on, or near, its high and closes well below the opening price. It is also called a bearish belt-hold. ...

Bollinger bands

Bollinger bands are lines plotted one (or 2, 2.5 ...) standard deviation above and below the moving average of closing prices. A narrowing of the bands often indicate the start of a new trend, which is confirmed when prices close out of the band. Bol ...

Breadth / Breadth Ratio

A measurement calculated by comparing the number of advancing stocks to the number of declining stocks. Computed by dividing the number of advances by the numbers of declines over a given time period. Also known as ADR (Advance Decline Ratio). Inve ...

Breakaway Gap

Usually, a high-volume move out of a consolidation pattern without trading at the pervious period?s levels. ...

Breakdown

A price drop below a significant support level or out of a consolidation pattern. ...

Breakout

An upward move exceeding a previously recorded high, resistance level, or through a bullish trendline or some other criteria, often on high volume. ...

Breakout traders

Breakout traders generally look for key levels of support and resistance and will place orders when thestock price passes through these levels. Long positions are taken when the price of stock breaks through a level of resistance, and short position ...

Broadening Top

A reversal pattern marked by a succession of at least three generally higher highs alternating with successively lower lows. Occurs after a notable price rise. The pattern is completed by a third breakdown, normally to a significantly lower low. Som ...

Bull Trap

Occurs when in a bear market prices suddenly rise, luring in bulls taking long positions before resuming the downtrend. ...

Bullish belt-hold

A bullish belt-hold is a tall white candlestick that opens on, or near, its low and closes well above it's opening price. It is also called a white opening shaven bottom. The bearish counterpart of this pattern in bearish belt hold. ...

Bullish engulfing pattern

A bullish engulfing candlestick pattern is comprised of a large white real body that engulfs the prior small black real body in a downtrend. The bearish counterpart of this pattern in bearish engulfing pattern. ...

Buying Climax

Investors Intelligence defines a buying climax as when within one week, a new 52 week high is made followed by the stock falling and closing below the previous week?s close. This can be an important reversal signal for the stock. Also the total numbe ...

candlestick charts

A method of charting derived by the Japanese (in 1700s) in which the open and close range are represented by rectangle called the real body (black for a close under the open, white for a close over the open). The lines above and below the real body ...

Chaikin Oscillator

This oscillator measures the accumulation distribution line of the MACD. The Chaikin Oscillator is calculated by subtracting a 10-day EMA from a 3-day EMA of the accumulation distribution line, and outlines the momentum implied by the accumulation di ...

Chande Momentum Oscillator

This oscillator is similar to other momentum indicators such as the RSI (Relative Strength Index). It is created by calculating the difference between the sum of all recent gains and the sum of all recent losses and then dividing the result by the su ...

Channels

The area between two parallel trendlines, the upper trendline connecting most of the important price peaks or closes and the lower trendline connecting the important lows or closes. It is one of the most basic yet very effective tools for technical ...

Chart patterns

Chart patterns are an integral part of technical analysis which looks at the big picture and help to identify the trading signals. History repeats itself, the theory behind chart patterns is based on this assumption. Means certain patterns occur agai ...

Commodities

Commodity is a basic good or raw material which is used in commerce and interchangeable with other commodities of the same type. Commodities are used in the production of other goods. The quality of a commodity may slightly differ but essentially uni ...

Continuation Pattern

A consolidation that temporarily interrupts a rally or declines and sets the stage for another move in the same direction. ...

Coupon

The interest paid on a bond expressed as a percentage of the face value. If a bond carries a fixed coupon the interest is usually paid on an annual or semi-annual basis. The term also refers to the detachable certificate entitling the bearer to the i ...

Cup and Handle Pattern

A pattern oncandlestick charts resembles a cup with a handle. The cup is in the shape of a "U" and the handle has a slight downward drift. The right-hand side of the pattern has low trading volume. Both highs made on the 2 edges of Cup should be at a ...

Dark-cloud cover

A bearish reversal signal. In an uptrend a long white candlestick is followed by a black candlestick that opens above the prior white candlestick's high (or close) and then closes well into the white candlestick's real body?preferably more than halfw ...

Dead Cross

A bearish signal given when a short-term moving average on a Japanese candlestick chart crosses under a longer-term moving average. Its bullish counterpart is the golden cross. ...

Debt Service Ratio

The ratio of debt to cash available to service interest payments and principal repayments. The higher the ratio the easier it is to obtain loans. ...

Descending Triangle

Another importanat pattern for pattern traders. This is a continuation pattern with bearish implication. Volume is normally higher near the lows and decreases near the highs, downsloping trendline is approached. A break below the lower horizontal lin ...

Discounted cash flow

Discounted cash flow is a method of calculating the current worth of future cash flows from an asset or investment taking into account the time that is likely to elapse before money is received and the risk involved. Future cash flows are estimated a ...

Displaced moving average

DMA. A technique used in technical analysis that involves shifting the moving average curve forward or backward in time along a stock price chart in order to see if a trend exists. ...

Divergence

Occurs when one indicator moving, not in conjunction or agreement with another indicator. Such nonconfirmations often signal reversals. The most watched divergence is MACD and RSI divergence. This happens when prices make a higher high but MACD makes ...

Doji

A session in which the open and close on a Japanese candlestick are same (or almost same). A doji candlestick looks like a cross, inverted cross or plus sign. There are different varieties of doji lines (see gravestone, dragonfly, and long-legged doj ...

Donchian Channels

A moving average indicator developed by Richard Donchian. It plots the highest high and lowest low over the last period time intervals. ...

Double Bottom

A reversal type chart pattern distinguished by two successive declines, both terminating at approximately the same level. When completed, accomplished by a rise on volume above the high between the two lows, the pattern often resembles the letter W. ...

Dumpling tops

A candlestick charting pattern that is similar to the Western rounding top. A window to the downside is needed to confirm this as a top. Its bullish opposite is the frypan bottom. ...

Dutch Auction

An auction in which bids descend to the level at which all of an issue of securities can be sold. It is used for U.S. Treasury auctions. ...

Dynamic Hedging Strategy

A hedging technique which seeks to limit an investment's exposure to delta and gamma by adjusting the hedge as the underlying security changes (hence, "dynamic"). The strategy is frequently used by financial professionals working with derivatives. De ...

Efficient market Hypothesis

This hypothesis suggest that all known information is already discounted by the market and reflected in the price due to market participants acting upon the information. ...

envelope

Formed by two moving averages that define upper and lower price range levels. These averages are plotted certain percentages above and below the average price line in a trading chart. The purpose of an envelope is to dampen or help escape the effect ...

Evening Star

A top reversal pattern comprised of three candle lines on a Japanese candlestick chart. The first is a tall white real body, the second is a small real body (white or black) that gaps above the first real body to form a star, and the third is a black ...

Falling Three Methods

This bearish candlestick pattern is used to predict the continuation of the current downtrend. This pattern is formed when the candlesticks meet the following characteristics: 1. The first candle in the pattern is a long red candlestick within a defi ...

Fibonacci Arcs

A method of using charts to predict key support and resistance levels, as well as price targets. These are created by first drawing a trend line between two points, then by drawing three curves that intersect this trendline at the key Fibonacci level ...

Fibonacci Fan

A charting technique consisting of three diagonal lines that use Fibonacci ratios to help identify key levels of support and resistance. ...

Fibonacci Time Zones

Method used to predict trend changes or price reversals in technical analysis. On a price chart, lines are drawn at given price points that correspond to the Fibonacci sequence of numbers in a specific range of time. The first line is usually drawn w ...

Financial Instrument

Financial instruments are the monetary contract between parties which can be created, modified, traded, and settled. In other words, financial instruments are tradable assets or negotiable items which underlie a derivative. Financial instruments can ...

Fourier Analysis

A mathematical analysis that attempts to find cycles within a time series of data after detrending the data. For example, a Fourier analysis can be done on a time series of price data for a product over twenty years, but only after the effects of inf ...

Frypan Bottom

Japanese candlestick pattern is similar to a Western rounding bottom. A win?dow to the upside confirms this pattern. It is the counterpart of the dumpling top. ...

Fundamentals

You might have heard the word fundamentals on TV while watching stock analysis. Fund managers and stock analysts talk about stocks which have strong fundamentals. Fundamental analysis involves evaluating a security to assess its intrinsic value by e ...

Futures

Futures are the most common form of the derivatives. Derivatives are the financial instruments that drive their value from an underlying asset or a group of asset. The underlying can be stock, indices, currency, commodity, or any other asset. The der ...

Gamma

A measurement of the change in the delta of an option compared to a change in the price of the underlying financial instrument on which the option is based. ...

Hammer

An important bottoming candlestick charting pattern. The hammer and the hanging man are both the same lines that are generally called umbrella lines, i.e. a small real body (white or black) at the top of the session's range and a very long lower shad ...

Hanging man

A top candlestick reversal pattern that requires confirmation. The hanging man and the hammer are both the same type of candlestick pattern. ...

Harami

A two-candlestick charting pattern in which a small real body holds within the prior session's unusually large real body. The harami implies the immediately preceding trend is con?cluded, and the bulls and bears are now in a state of truce. The color ...

Harami cross

A harami with a doji on the second session instead of a small real body. An important top (bottom) candlestick charting reversal signal especially after a tall white (black) candlestick line. It is also called a petrifying pattern on candlestick char ...

Head and Shoulders Top

A pattern characterized by a series of three peaks, the first and third being lower than the middle. Volume, heavy on the first peak, declines on the next two. Completion is marked by the breaking of the ?neckline? ( an extension of the line connecti ...

Heikin Ashi Technique

A method of candlestick chart modification that eliminates irregularities and helps identify strong trends. No gaps will appear using this approach. Each candlestick is calculated by a formula to create an average for the open and close for the day. ...

Historical Volatility

It is normally expressed as a percentage and is calculated as the annualised standard deviation of the percentage change in daily price. ...

Ichimoku Kinko Hyo

A technical charting technique which generates a series of lines and levels that help an investor determine the movement of an asset. It indicates support and resistance levels, as well as entry and exit points. Although relatively complicated to lea ...

Implied Volatility

The expected volatility in the price of a security. ...

Impulse Wave

A pattern observed in the stock market as part of the Elliot Wave Principle (a theory that suggests the cyclic nature of market movements can be predicted based on an understanding of investor psychology). Waves or surges of movement seem to occur in ...

Indicators

Indicators represent a statistical approach to technical analysis. With the help of indicators, investors and traders can get the secondary measure to actual price movement. Indicators are helpful to confirm the accuracy of chart patterns by looking ...

Indices

Stock market index is a measure of the relative value of a group of stocks in numerical terms. Some stocks which are listed on the exchange are selected and grouped together to form an index. When the stocks within an index change their value, index ...

Inverted Hammer

A candlestick chart pattern that occurs when a security had been declining in previous sessions, and then temporarily trades high throughout the day's session, but by the end of the day the market realized it could not support that level of trading a ...

Investor

Investor is a person who allocates capital with the expectation of financial returns in the future. Investors utilize their investment to grow their money. A wide range of investment avenues exists in the market including equity, debt securities, com ...

Irregular Flat

A type of Elliott wave correction that has a 3-3-5 wave pattern, where the B wave terminates beyond the start of wave A. A ?flat? is in progress, implying that a lager pattern is developing. It will contain waves of one higher degree than the A-B-C w ...

Island Reversal

A very rare Japanese candlestick top or bottom reversal signal. It is comprised of a doji star that gaps away (including shadows) from the prior and following sessions' candlesticks. This is the same as a "abandoned baby" at top or bottom in which th ...

January Effect

The tendency for securities prices to recover in January after tax-related selling is completed before the year-end. ...

Jennifer Lopez

An informal technical analysis term used to indicate the rounding bottom in a stock's price, especially as seen on a chart or graph. The term is inspired by singer and actress celebrity Jennifer Lopez, who is known for having a curvaceous figure. ...

Kairi Relative Index (KRI)

An oscillating indicator used to spot relationships and track price fluctuations in trending markets. It was created in Japan by an unknown designer at an unknown date. Once popular, more popular modern indexes have since emerged. It calculates the d ...

Keltner Channel

An advanced technical analysis method, which uses an upper and lower band to indicate a 10-day moving average around the typical market price. A close around the upper band it is said to signify a bull market, and a close around the lower band is sai ...

Key reversal day

A pattern seen when charting a stock, where a stock price within the course of a day will completely change its pattern. To qualify as a key reversal day, the price can either start by opening at a level above the previous high, continuing to rise, a ...

Liquid

A general term used to indicate how easily transaction can be executed at or near a given price in a given market. More liquid markets usually have low bid-ask spreads. A liquid stock can absorb more buying (selling) before a significant price change ...

Logarithmic chart

A chart for which the price scale (usually on the vertical axis) is skewed so that a given distance always represents the same percentage change in price, rather than the same absolute change in price (as is the case for a linear chart). In other wor ...

Long-term investment

Investments which are kept for more than one year are known as long-term investments. The timeframe for long-term investment is different for different individuals or companies. Like for the purpose of capital gain tax long term is 1 year. But most o ...

MACD

The crossing of two exponentially smoothed moving averages that are plotted above and below a zero line. The crossover, movement through the zero line, and divergences generate buy and sell signals. ...

Mark to Market

At the end of each business day the open positions carried in an account held at a brokerage firm are credited or debited funds based on the settlement price of the open positions that day. ...

Market Analysis

Research intended to predict the future of a market. ...

Marubozu

A marubozu candlestick is a candlestick with no or very small upper or lower shadow. For a white candlestick marubozu, its open is equal to its low, and its close is equal to its high. For a black marubozu candlestick it means that its open is equal ...

Momentum Indicator

A market indicator utilizing price and volume statistics for predicting the strength and weakness of a current market and any overbought or oversold conditions, and to note turning points within the market. ...

Morning Star

Morning star is bullish counterpart of evening star pattern. It is a bullish bottom reversal pattern. The formation is formed by 3 candlesticks. The first candlestick is a tall black real body followed by the second, a small real body, which gaps bel ...

night attack

The Japanese candlestick trading expression for a large order placed at the close to try to affect the market. ...

On Balance Volume

OBV is an indicator that adds a period?s volume to a cumulative total when the close is up and subtracts the period?s volume from the cumulative total when the close is down. The cumulative total is plotted as the OBV line. This line can then be comp ...

Option Greeks

The option Greeks are a series of measures of the rate of change in price of a security with another variable. Each is named after a Greek letter with the exception of vega which is not a Greek letter. ...

Over Bought / Over Sold

A technical condition that occurs when price is considered to have risen or fallen too far, too fast and is susceptible a pullback. Overbought / oversold indicators (RSI, stochastic) for example) often have values within the range 0 to 100, with over ...

piercing pattern

A Japanese candlestick bottom reversal signal. In a downtrend, a long black candlestick is followed by a gap lower open during the next session. This session finishes as a strong white candlestick that closes more than halfway into the prior black ca ...

Primary price

Capital market is divided into two types � Primary Market Primary market is also known as primary capital market or new issue market. In primary investors buy securities directly from the company which is issuing the security. When company sell n ...

Renko Chart

A chart that displays changes in price level without taking into consideration the time and volume. The changes are represented by a series of small black and white bricks. The white bricks are used when market price increases and black bricks when p ...

Retracement (Pullback)

Temporary corrective fall / rise in a market against prevailing trend or to unwind overbought (o/b) or oversold (o/s) situation. Less dramatic than reversal. ...

Rising Triangle

Patterns traders look for this chart formation produced by a series of lows, each successively higher than the last, and a series of highs that are at approximately the same level. It is considered a bullish formation when volume increases on the a ...

Rounding Bottom

A chart pattern showing gradual base formation and the turn to an uptrend. A good long-term base formation. ...

RSI

RSI (Relative Strength Indicator) is a momentum indicator, used to determine whether a market is overbought or oversold. It is quoted on a scale of 0?100, with readings over 80 usually seen as overbought and readings under 20 seen as oversold. Its c ...

Runaway or measuring gap

A gap that forms in the direction of an existing trend. The gap is called a measuring gap as these are seen to form midway through the eventual extent of the trend. Sector Sum Proprietary indicator based on the sum of the scores of industry group bul ...

sanku (three gaps) pattern

Japanese term that refers to a candlestick pattern with three individual gaps appearing, creating a defined trend. These gaps can and may occur throughout the different days of market trading and do not need to appear consecutively. The appearance of ...

Scalpers

Traders in the futures and options market who hold their positions for a very short time. Their aim is to make frequent, small gains. ...

Security

Security is commonly used for any form of financial instruments but the definition varies from place to place. In some places security specifically excludes financial instruments other than equities and fixed income instruments. In some places, it in ...

shadows

The thin lines above and below the real body of the candlestick line on Japanese candlestick charts. They represent the extremes of the session. The lower shadow is the line under the real body. The bottom of the lower shadow is the low of the sessi ...

shooting star

A bearish candlestick pattern with a long upper shadow, lit?tle or no lower shadow, and a small real body near the lows of the session that arises after an uptrend. ...

Short Covering

The buying back of a security or asset previously sold so as to close out a short position. Also known as bear covering. This takes the prices higher. ...

Short Squeeze

A short squeeze occurs when investors holding short positions find that the market has not fallen as they hoped but has risen just as they have to make good on their obligation to deliver securities or a physical commodity. The sudden increase in dem ...

Short-term investment

Short-term investment is also known as temporary investment. It can be a debt or equity security which the investor can sell or convert into cash in a period of 3 to 12 months. Short-term investments are holds to earn quick returns. Two main requirem ...

Slow Stochastic

An indicator used by stock traders to help them track changes in the momentum of an individual stock or of the market as a whole. This is helpful in identifying both the high and low points in a stock or in the market during specific time frames. The ...

Sortino Ratio

A variation of the Sharpe ratio which differentiates harmful volatility from volatility in general by replacing standard deviation with downside deviation in the denominator. Thus the Sortino Ratio is calculated by subtracting the risk free rate from ...

Spinning Tops

Nickname for candle lines with small real bodies. And long upper and lower shadows. ...

Spread Trading

The purchase of one futures contract and the simultaneous sale of another in order to take advantage of price discrepancies. ...

Star

A star is a small real body that gaps above or below a long candlestick occurring the previous day. ...

STARC Bands

An indicator with an upper and lower band around a simple moving average of an asset's price. The upper band value is the simple moving average plus the average true range while the lower band is the simple moving average minus the average true range ...

Stochastic Oscillator

Stochastic Oscillator shows the location of the latest market close in relation to the high/low range over a set number of periods. Closing levels consistently near the top of the range indicate buying pressure and those near the bottom of the range ...

stochRSI

A tool used in technical analysis to chart movements in the Relative Strength Indicator (RSI) for a stock. The stochRSI ranges from 0 to 1. A stochRSI below 0.2 means that the relative strength indicator has dropped significantly below its normal ran ...

Stock valuation

Stock valuation is the process of calculating theoretical values of companies and their stocks. Stock valuation is generally used to predict future price movement of companies� shares and to make profit from these price movements. With the help of st ...

Stocks or Share

Stock is a certificate of ownership in a company or corporation. It represents the claim on company’s assets and earnings. When you hold a company’s share you become the shareholder of that company. There are two types of stocks: • Common Stock ...

Systematic Risk

Systematic risk is also known as non-diversifiable risk, un-diversifiable risk, market risk, or volatility. It is the part of total risk which is caused by factors that are beyond control. Systematic risk is caused by external factors and it affects ...

Systemic Risk

Systemic risk is the possibility of an event at a company, entity, or group which can trigger a severe instability or can collapse the entire financial system, entire market, entire industry or economy. In the financial crisis of 2008 systemic risk w ...

Technical Analysis

A form of market analysis that studies demand and supply for securities and commodities based on trading volume and price studies. Using charts and modeling techniques, technicians attempt to identify price trends in a market. It is based on the bel ...

Technical indicators

Technical indicators are also known as technicals. Technicals are the mathematical calculations which are based on historical trading data like price, volume, and open interest of a security rather than the fundamental of a business such as revenue, ...

Tick

The smallest movement possible in the market price of a security or financial instrument. ...

Time Value

The component of an option premium, which takes into consideration the time to expiry and the volatility of the underlying instrument. ...

Trend Following

Taking position in the direction of the prevailing price movement. ...

Trendline

Technical analysis formation created by drawing a line connecting a series of descending tops, descending bottoms, ascending tops or ascending bottoms. Some technical analysts look for prices breaking through trendlines on the belief that those stock ...

Treynor Index

A measure of a portfolio's excess return per unit of risk, equal to the portfolio's rate of return minus the risk-free rate of return, divided by the portfolio's beta. This is a similar ratio to the Sharpe ratio, except that the portfolio's beta is c ...

Volatility

The frequency and rate of change of an instrument. Often used as a theoretical measurement of risk. Volatility can be calculated statistically. Implied volatility is calculated by the market prices of options. ...

volume moving average

The type of indicator that can calculate and return the value of a simple moving average of volume over a certain time period. ...

VWAP

Volume weighted average price is a method of calculating the closing market price of a security. Most markets do not use the last traded price as the closing price as it is open to manipulation. Instead the closing price is set by calculating the ave ...

Wedge

Similar to the triangle but with both converging trendlines (making higher highs and higher lows for rising wedge), trending sharply in the same direction. It is a reversal pattern. Falling wedge make lower highs and lower lows. ...

Wilder's DMI (ADX)

Three lines compose the Directional Movement Indicators (DMI): ADX, DI+ and DI-. The Average Directional Index (ADX) line shows the strength of the trend. The higher the ADX value, the stronger the trend. The Plus Direction Indicator (DI+) and Minus ...

Yankee Bond

Yankee Bonds are issued by foreign entities (bank or company). These bonds are issued and traded in the United States and denominated in U.S. dollars. Yankee bonds are governed by the Securities Act of 1933. According to the Act, bonds have to be reg ...

Yellow Knight

Yellow knight is a company or corporation which is once planning a hostile takeover attempt on a company but instead decide to propose a merger deal to the target company. Means if you cannot beat a company then better to join it. There might have ma ...

Yellow Sheets

Yellow sheets are the bulletins that contain information about the price of corporate bonds on over the counter (OTC) market. In yellow sheets, you can get the information about the bond�s high, low, closing price, yield, bid price, and ask price. Ov ...

Yield Advantage

The additional amount which an investor expects to earn by investing in a publicly traded company�s convertible securities instead of its common stocks or can continue to earn instead of converting bonds into stocks is known as yield advantage. In si ...

Yield Burning

Yield burning was an illegal practice of underwriter marking up the price of bonds to reduce the yield on bonds. By this amount of tax is reduced which is incurred on fixed income investments. With yield burning major Wall Street U.S. municipal bond ...

Yield Curve Risk

Yield curve risk is the probability of shifting yield curve in a manner that it affects the values of securities which are tied to interest rate, particularly bonds. When there is an adverse shift in market interest rate, the yield of fixed income in ...

Z-Spread

Zero-volatility spread. A tool used in the analysis of an asset swap that uses the zero-coupon yield curve to calculate the spread. The Z-spread is the number of basis points that would have to be added to the spot yield curve so that the bond's disc ...

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Nifty Bank 18208.35

-4.89%(-935.65)

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