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Trading and Investment Terms


Dark-cloud cover

A bearish reversal signal. In an uptrend a long white candlestick is followed by a black candlestick that opens above the prior white candlestick's high (or close) and then closes well into the white candlestick's real body?preferably more ...

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Dead Cross

A bearish signal given when a short-term moving average on a Japanese candlestick chart crosses under a longer-term moving average. Its bullish counterpart is the golden cross.


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Debt Service Ratio

The ratio of debt to cash available to service interest payments and principal repayments. The higher the ratio the easier it is to obtain loans.


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Dematerialization (DEMAT)

Dematerialization (DEMAT) can be defined as the change from physical security certificates to electronic accounting.


Actual security certificates are then expelled and eventually retired from circulation in return for electr ...

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Demonetization can be described as the action of depriving a currency unit of its value as legal tender.


It happens at a point when there is a change in currency of a country: The present form or forms of cashis pulled from ...

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A derivative can be defined as a financial security with its worth that is dependent upon or derived from, a security or group of securities i.e. a benchmark index.


The derivative itself is a agreement between at least two p ...

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Descending Triangle

Another importanat pattern for pattern traders. This is a continuation pattern with bearish implication. Volume is normally higher near the lows and decreases near the highs, downsloping trendline is approached. A break below the lower horizontal lin ...

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Discounted cash flow

Discounted cash flow is a method of calculating the current worth of future cash flows from an asset or investment taking into account the time that is likely to elapse before money is received and the risk involved. Future cash flows are estimated a ...

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Displaced moving average

DMA. A technique used in technical analysis that involves shifting the moving average curve forward or backward in time along a stock price chart in order to see if a trend exists. ...

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Occurs when one indicator moving, not in conjunction or agreement with another indicator. Such nonconfirmations often signal reversals. The most watched divergence is MACD and RSI divergence. This happens when prices make a higher high but MACD makes ...

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Diversification is a risk management technique that blends a wide assortment of investments inside a portfolio.

A diversified portfolio contains a blend of distinct resource types and investment vehicles in an attempt at constraining expos ...

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A dividend is the distribution of reward from a part of the company's revenue and is paid to a class of its investors.


Dividends are determined and overseen by the board of directors of the company, however they must be ...

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Dividend Growth Rate

The dividend growth rate can be defined as the annualized percentage rate of development that a particular security’s dividend payment experiences over a stretch of time.


Having the option to figure the dividend growth ...

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Dividend Rate

The dividend rate can be defined as the total expected dividend payments from an investment, fund or portfolio formatted as an annualized premise in addition to any extra non recurring dividends that an investor may get during that time frame.


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Dividend Yield

The dividend yield can be defined as the ratio of a organization's yearly dividend contrasted with its stock price per share.


The dividend yield is shown as a rate and is calculated as follows:


Div ...

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A session in which the open and close on a Japanese candlestick are same (or almost same). A doji candlestick looks like a cross, inverted cross or plus sign. There are different varieties of doji lines (see gravestone, dragonfly, and long-legged doj ...

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Donchian Channels

A moving average indicator developed by Richard Donchian. It plots the highest high and lowest low over the last period time intervals. ...

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Double Bottom

A reversal type chart pattern distinguished by two successive declines, both terminating at approximately the same level. When completed, accomplished by a rise on volume above the high between the two lows, the pattern often resembles the letter ...

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A downtick can be defined as a transaction for a financial security that happens at a lower price than the last transaction.


A downtick happens when a security's price falls in comparison to the previous trade.

& ...

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Dumpling tops

A candlestick charting pattern that is similar to the Western rounding top. A window to the downside is needed to confirm this as a top. Its bullish opposite is the frypan bottom. ...

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Dutch Auction

An auction in which bids descend to the level at which all of an issue of securities can be sold. It is used for U.S. Treasury auctions.


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Dynamic Hedging Strategy

A hedging technique which seeks to limit an investment's exposure to delta and gamma by adjusting the hedge as the underlying security changes (hence, "dynamic"). The strategy is frequently used by financial professionals working wit ...

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