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Trading and Investment Terms

D

Daily Dividend Factor

Daily factor represents a tiny percentage, many high-level banking and trust institutions will provide this daily interest calculation to their most critical institutional accounts. 

For example
The daily factor for a certificat ...

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Dark-cloud cover

The Dark Cloud Cover pattern is a candlestick pattern that signals a potential reversal to the downside. 

It appears at the top of an uptrend and involves a large green (bullish) candle, followed by a red (bearish) candle that creates ...

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Dead Cross

Negative convergence may lead to severe selling pressure and the price may stay weak for a month to a year.

 

The death cross is a chart pattern that indicates the transition from a bull market to a bear market. 

< ...

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Debt Service Ratio

This ratio measures the net operating income available to pay the short-term debt. 

The DSCR is a useful benchmark to measure an individual or firm’s ability to meet their debt payments with cash.

A higher ratio implies ...

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Default

1. Default is the failure to repay a debt including interest or principal on a loan or security. 

2. A default can occur when a borrower is unable to make 

  • Timely payments
  • Misses payments
  • Avoids ...

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Dematerialization (DEMAT)

Dematerialization (DEMAT) can be defined as the change from physical security certificates to electronic accounting.

 

Actual security certificates are then expelled and eventually retired from circulation in return for electr ...

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Demonetization

Demonetization can be described as the action of depriving a currency unit of its value as legal tender.

 

It happens at a point when there is a change in currency of a country: The present form or forms of cashis pulled from ...

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Derivative

A derivative can be defined as a financial security with its worth that is dependent upon or derived from, a security or group of securities i.e. a benchmark index.

 

The derivative itself is a agreement between at least two p ...

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Descending Triangle

The descending triangle pattern is a continuation chart pattern that develops in the middle of a downtrend. However, in some instances, this can play as a descending triangle reversal. Also known as the bullish descendin ...

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Discounted cash flow

Discounted Cash Flow is a method of estimating what an asset is worth today by using projected cash flows.

 It tells you how much money you can spend on the investment right now to get the desired return in the future.

 < ...

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Displaced moving average

A moving average that has been adjusted forward or back in time to forecast trends. 

Displaced moving averages are constructed by taking the moving average and shifting it by a number of intervals, either positive or negative. ...

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Divergence

The name of this pattern speaks of its character. We have a divergence when the price movement is contrary to the indicator movement. This type of Regular Divergence pattern comes in two forms

Two types of Diverg ...

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Diversification

Diversification is a risk management technique that blends a wide assortment of investments inside a portfolio.

A diversified portfolio contains a blend of distinct resource types and investment vehicles in an attempt at constraining expos ...

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Dividend

A dividend is the distribution of reward from a part of the company's revenue and is paid to a class of its investors.

 

Dividends are determined and overseen by the board of directors of the company, however they must be ...

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Dividend Growth Rate

The dividend growth rate can be defined as the annualized percentage rate of development that a particular security’s dividend payment experiences over a stretch of time.

 

Having the option to figure the dividend growth ...

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Dividend Rate

The dividend rate can be defined as the total expected dividend payments from an investment, fund or portfolio formatted as an annualized premise in addition to any extra non recurring dividends that an investor may get during that time frame.

...

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Dividend Yield

The dividend yield can be defined as the ratio of a organization's yearly dividend contrasted with its stock price per share.

 

The dividend yield is shown as a rate and is calculated as follows:

 

Div ...

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Doji

A Doji is a candlestick pattern that looks like a cross as the opening price and the closing prices are equal or almost the same.

 

A Doji is quite often found at the bottom and top of trends and thus is considered as a sign o ...

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Dollar Cost Averaging

Dollar-cost averaging is a tool an investor can use to build savings and wealth over a long period. 

It is also a way for an investor to neutralize short-term volatility in the broader equity market. 

A perfect example of ...

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Donchian Channels

Donchian channels are a technical indicator developed by Richard Donchian a famous commodities and futures trader.

 

The Donchian channel is a useful indicator of seeing the volatility of a market pr ...

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Double Bottom

The Double Bottom Reversal is a bullish reversal pattern typically found on bar charts, line charts, and candlestick charts. 

 

As its name implies, the pattern is made up of two consecutive troughs that are roughly equal ...

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Dow Jones Industrial Average (Dow)

The Dow Jones Industrial Average is the second-oldest and best-known stock market index.
It measures the daily price movements of 30 large American companies 
Nasdaq 
New York Stock Exchange.

It is widely viewed ...

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Downtick

A downtick can be defined as a transaction for a financial security that happens at a lower price than the last transaction.

 

A downtick happens when a security's price falls in comparison to the previous trade.

& ...

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Dumpling tops

A candlestick charting pattern that is similar to the Western rounding top. A window to the downside is needed to confirm this as a top. Its bullish opposite is the frypan bottom

 

 A dumpling top structure is comprised o ...

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Dutch Auction

Dutch auction is a method for pricing shares (often in an initial public offering) whereby the price of the shares offered is lowered until there are enough bids to sell all shares. All the shares are then sold at that ...

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Dynamic Hedging Strategy

Dynamic hedging is a technique that is widely used by derivatives dealers to hedge gamma or vega exposures. 

Because it involves adjusting a hedge as the underlier moves often several times a day it is “dyn ...

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